Automotive Engineering

Love cars? Automotive training at Unitec can help you forge a career as a mechanic, automotive engineer or auto electrician. And with more than four million registered vehicles in New Zealand, skilled professionals are always in hot demand. 카지노사이트

As cars become more and more sophisticated, there’s lots of variety too. So now’s the perfect time to turn your passion into a bright future. 

Explore your options

Mechanics, automotive engineers, and auto electricians are needed all over the country to service an industry that is growing all the time. Study automotive engineering and you’ll learn all about anti-lock braking systems, fuzzy logic, automatic transmissions, engine parameters, safety systems, climate control and in-car entertainment.

Automotive training means lots of time in the workshop and labs. You’ll pull apart engines, find faults and see how it all works. You’ll learn how to install automotive accessories, service engines, repair steering and suspension, and diagnose electronic problems.

There may also be work experience in a local automotive company. It’s a great chance to see how an automotive diagnostics and repair centre works. Sometimes it leads to a job offer or an apprenticeship. 바카라사이트

Industry connections

Unitec has been teaching automotive engineering courses for over 30 years. As a student, you can become a member of the Institute of Automotive Mechanical Engineers (IAME). Once you’ve graduated, you can also apply to become an Associate Member of the Society of Automotive Engineers Australasia.


The automotive industry needs more auto technicians, and employers are looking for young people. Unitec facilitates apprenticeships for the automotive industry, where you learn while you earn and complete your qualification on the job. Learn more on how Unitec can prepare you for an apprenticeship.

Get hands-on automotive training in our two-year diploma and prepare for your apprenticeship as an Automotive Service Technician. You’ll be taught by industry-trained instructors who will combine theory and hands-on learning opportunities so you gain a strong foundation in automotive vehicle maintenance, diagnosis, repairs, manufacturers’ specifications, customer service and communications. 온라인카지

If you complete this program successfully, you will be eligible to challenge the Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training (AIT) Automotive Service Technician Periods 1-4 exams.

Health Issues & Treatments for Spina Bifida

Open Spina Bifida

Sometimes when a baby has open spina bifida, or myelomeningocele, doctors will perform surgery to close the spine before the baby is born. 카지노사이트

This surgery is a major procedure for the mother and the baby, and may not be available where you live. Contact a doctor who works regularly with spina bifida babies and expectant mothers about the pros and cons of this option. The Spina Bifida Association offers information for expectant parents.external icon


Many babies born with spina bifida get hydrocephalus (often called water on the brain). This means that there is extra fluid in and around the brain. The extra fluid can cause the spaces in the brain, called ventricles, to become too large and the head can swell. Hydrocephalus needs to be followed closely and treated properly to prevent brain injury.

If a baby with spina bifida has hydrocephalus, a surgeon can put in a shunt. A shunt is a small hollow tube that will help drain the fluid from the baby’s brain and protect it from too much pressure. Additional surgery might be needed to change the shunt as the child grows up or if it becomes clogged or infected.

For more information, please visit the Hydrocephalus Associationexternal icon website

Spina Bifida Association fact sheet
Hydrocephalus and Shuntsexternal icon

Tethered Spinal Cord

Many people with open spina bifida have tethered spinal cords. Normally, the bottom of the spinal cord floats around freely in the spinal canal. A tethered spinal cord is attached to the spinal canal. When this happens, the spinal cord stretches as a person grows, which can permanently damage the spinal nerves. The person might have back pain, scoliosis (crooked spine), leg and foot weakness, changes in bladder or bowel control, and other problems. A tethered spinal cord can be treated with surgery. 바카라사이트

For more information, please visit the Spina Bifida Association website:
Spinal Cord Tetheringexternal icon

Mobility and Physical Activity

People affected by spina bifida get around in different ways. These include walking without any aids or assistance; walking with braces, crutches or walkers; and using wheelchairs.

People with spina bifida higher on the spine (near the head) might have paralyzed legs and use wheelchairs. Those with spina bifida lower on the spine (near the hips) might have more use of their legs and use crutches, braces, or walkers, or they might be able to walk without these devices.

Regular physical activity is important for all people, but especially for those with conditions that affect movement, such as spina bifida. CDC recommends 60 minutes of physical activity a day. There are many ways for people with spina bifida to be active. For example, they can:

  • Engage in active play with friends.
  • Roll or walk in the neighborhood.
  • Participate in community programs, such as the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities and Special Education Services for Preschoolers with Disabilities, which are free programs in many communities.
  • Enjoy parks and recreation areas with playgrounds that are accessible to people with disabilities.
  • Do exercises recommended by a physical therapist.
  • Attend summer camps and recreational facilities that are accessible for those with disabilities.
  • Participate in sports activities (for example, swimming) and teams for people with or those without disabilities. 온라인카지

For more information, please visit the following websites:

Hip Functionexternal icon

Early Intervention Programs for Infants and Toddlers

National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD)- Spina Bifida Guidelinesexternal icon

Adaptive Physical Education Disabled Sports USAexternal icon

Using the Bathroom

People with spina bifida often cannot control when they go to the bathroom (incontinence). They also can develop urinary tract infections. It is important to develop a plan for going to the bathroom that works and is as simple as possible. This can lead to increased health, participation, and independence, and avoid embarrassment for people with spina bifida. Healthcare providers can help develop a plan for each person. A tube (catheter) inserted in the bladder can help drain urine. In some cases, extra fiber can be added to the diet to keep bowel movements regular. Surgery also might be recommended.

For more information, please visit the Spina Bifida Association website:

Urologic Care and Managementexternal icon

Skin Care

Children and adults living with spina bifida may have limited feeling in some areas of their body, leaving them unable to feel cuts, bruises, sores, and dry skin. Since a person with spina bifida may not know they have been hurt, they may be unable to tell a parent or caregiver that they need help.

Pressure sores occur when there is prolonged pressure on soft tissue, skin, and muscle. Healthcare professionals report skin wounds as one of the primary diagnoses associated with the hospitalization1 of people with spina bifida. Pressure sores can lead to infection, amputation, or even death.

By checking skin regularly for redness including under braces, people with spina bifida, along with their parents and caregivers, can identify skin problems before they become pressure sores.

Additional ways to protect the skin:

  • Avoid hot bath water, heaters, hot dishes, hot car seats, and metal seatbelt clasps, since they may cause burns.
  • Make sure you are wearing properly fitting shoes at all times, even when swimming.
  • Use sunscreen, and don’t stay out in the sun too long.
  • Do not sit or lie in one position for too long.

12 Common Public Health Issues and How They Can Be Prevented

What’s the goal of public health? Quite simply, 카지노사이트 it’s to protect and improve the well-being of individuals and communities. How? By fighting disease and promoting healthy lifestyles. Public health addresses chronic conditions and emergency health threats ranging from heart disease and depression to infectious diseases and violent injuries.

Public health workers are vital to safeguarding a population’s health. These individuals investigate, monitor, prevent, and treat health conditions that impact society. They conduct tasks such as disease research and response, community education and outreach, and injury prevention to meet specific health-related goals.

Public health programs vary in scope. A community-based program might seek to improve diabetes care services in a town experiencing high rates of obesity, while a state or national public health program might focus on a mental health condition disproportionately impacting a certain demographic group.

The need for robust public health programs and trained health professionals becomes evident when considering the scope and scale of these common public health issues:

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Schizoaffective disorder
  • Clinical depression
  • Borderline personality disorders
  • Opioid addiction
  • CNS depressant abuse
  • Prescription stimulant abuse
  • Panic disorder
  • Social anxiety
  • Phobias

Truncal Obesity Issues: The Wide Impact They Have on Health

The prevalence of obesity in the U.S. population is skyrocketing, jumping from about 30% in 2000 to more than 40% in 2018, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Obesity contributes to numerous health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and cancer. 바카라사이트

More than half of obese individuals store excess fat around the abdomen, according to the ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal article “Targeting Abdominal Obesity Through Diet.” Truncal obesity, or abdominal obesity, is considered extremely harmful due to the proximity of vital organs to fatty tissue in the truncal area.

Abdominal obesity is related to environmental conditions, such as diet and exercise, and genetic factors. Rates of abdominal obesity are higher in women and older adults.

A community health program looking to lower obesity rates might work to:

  • Educate residents about healthy eating
  • Improve access to healthy foods
  • Facilitate access to affordable healthcare resources

Meanwhile, a state public health agency might investigate rates of obesity among different ethnic groups to discover why cases are higher among certain populations, exploring factors such as income levels, living situations, and crime rates.

Public Health Issue #1: Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular diseases — primarily heart disease and stroke — are the leading global cause of death, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Common heart diseases include coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, and cerebrovascular disease.

Health factors that contribute to heart disease include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Elevated glucose levels
  • Raised lipid levels

The concentration of fat in the truncal area is connected to the buildup of plaque in arteries, which creates increased risks for cardiovascular disease. One recent study found that heart attack patients with abdominal obesity were more likely to have recurring atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

The instance of heart disease in obese patients can be addressed through public health programs that aim to improve diet and exercise habits and promote weight loss. These programs educate community members on risks such as: 온라인카지

  • Dangers of eating energy-dense foods with high fat and sugar contents
  • Health impacts of physical inactivity
  • Cardiovascular risks related to smoking

Public health programs may also identify high-risk members of the community. They connect these clients with healthcare resources, including treatment, medication, and counseling.

Public Health Issue #2: Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is another top cause of death worldwide. The condition occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or when the body cannot process insulin (Type 2 diabetes).

Of the 34 million U.S. residents with diabetes, more than 90% have Type 2 diabetes, according to the CDC. One in five diabetes patients don’t know they have the disease.

Over time, diabetes may cause damage to the:

  • Heart
  • Eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Nerves
  • Blood vessels

Abdominal obesity is connected to a number of metabolic disorders including insulin sensitivity and glucose intolerance, two key factors in the development of diabetes. Obesity can also increase the risk of complications from diabetes such as diabetic neuropathy.

In addition to advising populations on the benefits of consuming nutrient-rich foods and getting regular exercise, public health programs can help reduce instances of diabetes and diabetes-related conditions through regular health screenings. Early diagnosis is key to preventing and treating diabetes.

Public Health Issue #3: Hypertension

Another symptom of obesity is hypertension, or high blood pressure, which is a key contributor to heart disease. Screenings for high blood pressure are part of routine preventive care protocols.

However, some populations don’t have proper access to routine medical care or can’t afford care services. Millions of adults have uncontrolled hypertension, which can be managed with diet, exercise, and medication.

When conducting obesity prevention programs, public health officials:

  • Collect research on health trends in communities and demographic groups
  • Monitor the outcomes of specific intervention programs to determine which efforts are most effective
  • Share data to form best practices, and develop training programs and support resources for partnering groups

National and global organizations, such as the CDC and WHO, act as catalysts for improving population health outcomes.

Truncal Obesity Resource Guide

The following articles and websites provide insight on abdominal obesity and related recurring health conditions:

Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome: Exercise as Medicine?: A review of metabolic syndrome and how it may be treated with exercise from BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation

Diabetes: Facts on diabetes and how to prevent the disease from the CDC

Experimental Weight Gain Increases Ambulatory Blood Pressure: A study showing the relationship between obesity and hypertension from Mayo Clinic

High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Causes: Statistics and facts on hypertension from the CDC

Obesity and Overweight: Statistics and facts on obesity from the World Health Organization

The Health Risks of Abdominal Obesity: Definition and risks of truncal obesity from Verywell Health

The Link Between Abdominal Fat and Repeat Heart Attacks: A summary of research on abdominal fat and cardiovascular conditions from Medical News Today

2020 Topics & Objectives: Heart Disease and Stroke: Risk factors and preventive measures for cardiovascular conditions from the U.S. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

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Senior Mental Health and Public Health Response

The senior population in the U.S. is growing rapidly, with the portion of residents age 65 and older expected to increase from 17% to 20% of the population between 2020 and 2030, according to the latest population projections from the Census Bureau.

The increasing number of seniors is straining public health systems in the U.S. and other nations around the globe.

Senior citizens are experiencing rising rates of conditions including:

  • Obesity
  • Economic disparity
  • Isolation
  • Alzheimer’s disease

This results in an increased demand for nursing home care and other services.

The aging population is also experiencing rising rates of mental illness. An estimated 1 out of 5 older adults has a mental health condition or substance abuse disorder, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

Where To Exchange Currency Without Paying Huge Fees

If you’re ready to hit the road after being grounded for more than two years, you definitely want to get the most bang for your travel buck. A smart way to save while 카지노사이트 traveling internationally is to understand how currency exchange works so you can exchange currency without paying more fees than necessary.

It all comes down to a little “know before you go.” The tips below will help you get the gist of currency exchange, so you can score the best rates when your travels take you abroad.

How Does Currency Exchange Work?

Think about the currency exchange rate the same way you think about buying produce at the grocery store. For instance, you might get three pounds of oranges for $4.00 one day, but a week later, you can get those same three pounds for $2.79. The value of your dollar is stronger (gets you more) when the oranges are $2.79 and weaker when you have to pay $4.00.

A currency exchange rate is simply the value of one country’s currency against another country’s currency. Like produce prices, the U.S. dollar’s value against the currencies of foreign countries like France, Canada and Mexico tends to fluctuate. Currency exchange rates can change minute to minute, though most banks only update their rates once each business day.

Since exchange rates fluctuate, you’ll want to make sure you get the most foreign currency for your U.S. dollar, which means getting the best possible exchange rates and limiting the fees you have to pay. 바카라사이트

Where to Exchange Currency

To help you save the most on currency exchange rates and avoid potential fees for international transactions, use the tips below to plan for your next trip abroad. More money in your pocket and less spent on unnecessary fees means more to spend on your globetrotting adventures.

1. Get Cash at Your Bank Before Leaving the US

One of the best ways to minimize currency exchange fees is to visit your bank or credit union before you leave the U.S. to exchange dollars for the currency of your destination. Depending on which country (or countries) you plan on visiting, most major U.S. banks will have foreign currency available to sell to you without charging an additional fee beyond the exchange rate. For example, Wells Fargo offers 70 currencies for use in more than 100 countries, and Bank of America exchanges currencies for more than 100 countries.

You may be able to get foreign currency in cash at your local bank branch, or you can order currency online or by phone to be delivered to your home. Depending on your bank, where you live and which country’s currency you need, some currencies may be available for same-day exchange. Other, less frequently requested currencies could require a few days—or more—of advance notice. 온라인카지

“Customers who order currency through their own bank can ensure the money they receive is authentic and that they have received the best, legal rate,” says John Sellers, rewards executive at Bank of America. “As these rates are constantly changing, Bank of America uses a variety of factors to determine its exchange rate—including market conditions and rates charged by other financial institutions,” he says.

2. Avoid Currency Exchange Kiosks at Airports

If you don’t have time to get cash at the bank before your trip, it can be tempting to get foreign currency at an airport kiosk or currency exchange counter. These merchants offer convenience, but their exchange rates are typically much less favorable than your bank at home.

For example, if you’re traveling to the United Kingdom and your bank offered you an exchange rate of £72 per $100, the airport kiosk may give you only £67 per $100, costing you extra money in the form of fewer pounds for your dollars. If you had made that exchange at your home bank, you’d have an additional £5 in your pocket.

good currency conversion calculator will help you do the math and make the comparisons.